The military parade used to take place in the Longchamp Racecourse in the Bois de Boulogne, in Paris, but after the First World War, this changed. There is no need to wonder that the design was copied. He decided that he would give the key to his friend, George Washington. Share. You may join theTrocadéro gardens to enjoy the most expected event of the day: the majestic, thirty-minute long firework show happening around the Eiffel Tower at 11pm. Here are 10 interesting facts about Bastille Day and the event which created it. In the days following the storming of the Bastille, Marquis de Lafayette assumed the responsibility to maintain order in France. Storming of the Bastille 14 July 1789. The Royal troops concentrated around Paris were dispersed to their frontier garrisons. Colourful fireworks illuminate the Eiffel Tower, armoured tanks trundle down the Champs-Elysees in a military parade, low-flying jet planes rip through the sky, spouting blue, white and red smoke in their wake – all to celebrate the storming of the prison Bastille in 1789 and the release of its prisoners. When this is done, the show continues at night. On the morning of 14 July 1789, the crowd gathered outside Bastille. You have entered an incorrect email address! 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Who hasn’t heard about the French Revolution, the storming of the Bastille prison, and the Man in the Iron Mask (or is the latter just a myth?). Caricature of Benjamin Raspail in a 1878 newspaper. The French Republic showcases on this day its forces: be it policemen or soldiers, be them on foot, on horseback or in military vehicles. Therefore, a long history made the Bastille the symbol of monarchical power, as well as the embodiment of royal tyranny in people’s minds. For the first time, in 2015, the RAID, the GIGN and the BRI, all special forces of the National Police dedicated to dealing with crises and dangerous missions linked to criminality and terrorism, joined the parade after their intervention during the terrorist attacks led in January 2015 in the offices of Charlie Hebdo and in a kosher supermarket. Have you ever been in France on July 14th and wondered what all the fireworks were about? The idea came from none other than the marquis de La Fayette, appointed by Louis XVI as the head of the National Guard of Paris. The Bastille was a fortress in Paris. We use our own and third party cookies to improve your experience and our services; and to analyze your use of our website. Guess which building had plenty? He knew that the mob was planning to attack the Bastille, because of rumors. Therefore, you could just as well hop at the top of Etretat’s gorgeous cliffs to see the fireworks illuminate the Chanel sea underneath. “14 juillet”, Vincent Van Gogh, 1886. Since that year, the, #10 ‘Vive le 14 juillet!’ is a popular slogan in France, In France, Bastille Day is formally called. The first stone was laid on 22 April 1370, but it would not be completed in its 18th Century iteration until 1557. Pop art includes imagery from popular culture, such as, advertising, cartoons, news etc. Fearing repression from the army surrounding the city on the king’s orders, they started to steal weapons in order to defend themselves and the Constituent Assembly. First of all, the Sacré-Coeur, the Montparnasse Tower or even the Trocadero’s esplanade allows a clear view of the show, though these places will quickly get crowded, so you better come early! Well, to understand its impact at the time, one has to recall the symbol the Bastille represented. Copyright @ Turiya Infotainment Private Limited. The event ended in a huge feast, with people dancing, singing, drinking and eating. While they stormed the castle, and were responsible for freeing the seven prisoners held inside, many people wanted to keep the Bastille as a memorial. One of the biggest holidays in France is Bastille Day on July 14th. A crowd of about 1,000 armed civilians gathered in front of the Bastille around mid-morning on the 14th and demanded the surrender of the prison. Source(s): French History. Indeed, in France, everybody calls it “le 14 juillet” – July 14th – or simply “la fête nationale” – National Day. The Bastille had served as a royal armoury and a prison, though on this particular day it held few prisoners and was only lightly guarded. The General Estates were an assembly composed of representatives of the Clergy, the Nobility and the Commoners. Bastille Day is celebratedannually on July 14th to commemorate the historical Storming of the Bastille. From the period between 1420 and 1436 the English had control of the Bastille. It was built to defend the eastern approach to the city of Paris from the English threat in the Hundred Years’ War. As to Cannes, it organizes a stunning pyrotechnic competition. Why? On the morning of July 14th, which happened to register the highest price of bread since the beginning of Louis XVI’s reign, a delegation of Parisians negotiated with the Bastille’s governor so that he would hand over the arsenal. The prison, which could only hold about 50 prisoners, was not as bad most of the prisons in Paris. Guided Tour of the Eiffel Tower + Summit access, Arc de Triomphe: Skip The Line + Rooftop Access, Beautiful Paris by night: Discover Paris’ most iconic view at night, Things to do in Paris on Christmas Day (2019). Nowadays, since 1981, the parade traditionally starts from the Champs-Elysées, up to the Arc de Triomphe, before joining the President, the government and the foreign ambassadors on the place de la Concorde. On 14 July 1789, a state prison on the east side of Paris, known as the Bastille, was attacked by an angry and aggressive mob. On the morning of 14 July 1789, the city of Paris was in a state of alarm. The Storming of the Bastille, in Paris, was the flashpoint of the French Revolution and signified the fall of the monarchy and royal authority. It also led to many members of the nobility fleeing to neighboring countries. It is considered to be the event which ignited the French Revolution. By midday, no progress had been made through pacific means, so the crowd of Parisians started to resort to force. The demonstrators of the Third Estate in France, had earlier stormed the Hôtel des Invalides to gather arms (29,000 to 32,000 muskets, but without powder or shot), and were mainly seeking to acquire the large quantities of arms and ammunition stored at the Bastille. Storming of the Bastille ignited the French Revolution and is considered a symbol of the end of monarchy. The latter, also called the “Third Estate”, ended up gathering together in late June, calling themselves a “National Assembly” and vowing never to dissolve before having granted the country with a new constitution. Over the centuries, the fortress also served as a safe for the royal treasure. A Te Deum followed. © Benjamin Daujat. Sourced from Wikipedia. The Belvedère de Belleville, located in the charming Belleville‘s park in the 20th arrondissement, also provides a panoramic view of the fireworks. “Fireworks on Bastille Day in Paris”, Yann Caradec, 2012. Beginning in 1417 the Bastille was a prison for those who opposed France's kings. Preparing for war, the National Assembly and ordinary French citizens realized they needed weapons and ammunition. The Storming of the Bastille (French: Prise de la Bastille [pʁiz də la bastij]) occurred in Paris, France, on the afternoon of 14 July 1789. 14, giving you the perfect reason to learn fun facts about Bastille Day. Here are some facts about la fête nationale: 1. Sourced from Wikipedia. Fearing that they and their representatives would be attacked by the royal army, Parisians stormed the Hôtel des Invalides to gather arms (29,000 to 32,000 muskets, but without powder or shot). The Bastille Day is celebrated annually on 14th July. This included four forgers and two lunatics. Involving 7,000 soldiers, 300 vehicles, 240 horses and more than 80 planes and helicopters, it is the biggest regular military parade in Western Europe. Sourced from Wikipedia. On 11 July 1789, Louis XVI dismissed Necker under the advice of his privy council. The Air Force is also represented since they pass over the parade, leaving in the sky great red, white and blue streaks behind them. It meant being able to compromise between royalist conservatives and staunch republicans. Now that you know everything about Bastille Day, or rather, July 14th, pick your spot and enjoy the fireworks! Few people, Parisians included, realize that many traces of this legendary revolution can still be spotted on, around and under Bastille Square. Sourced from Wikipedia. The first thing an English-speaker should know is that there is a great chance that a French person would not understand what “Bastille Day” refers to, if it were to be mentioned. Needless to say that this goes for everywhere else in France, where fireworks, concerts and balls can be found even in the smallest cities. The Storming of the Bastille thus remains one of the most important symbols of the French Revolution, as well as one of the first events leading to the fall of monarchy and the rise of the Republic. Annecy’s show is also reputed for playing on this reflective effect since it happens all around a lake. It served as a symbol of oppression and injustice. This was caused primarily by French involvement in a series of expensive wars. The Storming of the Bastille thus remains one of the most important symbols of the French Revolution, as well as one of the first events leading to the fall of monarchy and the rise of the Republic. Indeed, it is only in 1880 that July 14th was officially adopted as such. Another idea is to enjoy it from a boat floating on the Seine; in some cases, you can even book a dinner table, listen to music and dance around in a more intimate setting (and if you don’t want to wait until next Bastille Day to do so, grab yourself some tickets for a journey on the Seine). He had re-enforcement. But secrecy about the prison and its prisoners gave it an evil reputation. The holiday takes place on Jul. The medieval armory, fortress, and political prison known as the Bastille represented royal authority in the centre of Paris. If you wanted to live a Bastille Day in Paris like a French person, you would probably start in the morning by turning on the television to watch the military parade, or, simply, by going to the Champs-Elysée to see it in person. 10 Facts On Bastille Day And Storming of The Bastille The Bastille was a fortress in Paris. Since that year, the Bastille Day Military Parade is held in the morning of 14 July each year in Paris. Paris - What you need to know before coming to Paris. With Learnodo he hopes to break the barriers of the education system and reach out to a limitless audience in a simple and cost effective way. Although once it fell, Governor de Launay was killed along with three officers and three soldiers. To support our blog and writers we put affiliate links and advertising on our page. “Storming of the Bastille, July 14, 1789”, Anonymous. The Bastille was a fortress built in the XIVth century by King Charles V. It was meant to defend Paris’ borders, but also to protect the monarch in case of a popular insurrection, since it was on the path between his main residence, the Vincennes Castle, and his Parisian one. He was considered sympathetic to the common people. The July 14 date commemorates the storming of the Bastille in 1789. Anirudh is a novelist, writer, seo expert and educationist. It all eventually exploded in 1789. In London, though, French members of the Resistance would still march. A medieval fortress, the eight 30 meter high towers of the Bastille, dominated the Parisian horizon. Bastille Day falls on the 14th of July every year and became a national holiday in France in 1880! He did not expect the mob to be so huge though! About this quiz: All the questions on this quiz are based on information that can be found on the page at French Revolution - Storming of the Bastille. Voltaire and the Marquis de Sade were among the most famous royal prisoners held in the Bastille. Bastille The Bastille was a form of government representation or a way to represent royal authority in the centre of Paris. It was declared a state prison in 1417. Fact n°4: The French National Day actually commemorates both July 14th, 1789 and July 14th, 1790! 2 0. zafir. Fast forward to the week leading to July 14th, when the atmosphere started to get very tense in Paris. If you are now confused as to why Bastille’s Day would commemorate a bloody attack against a symbol of monarchy on the one hand, and a festive event promoting constitutional monarchy on the other, then you are starting to understand what was at stake for the member of Parliament who defended this date as France’s National day a century after. Charlie – The Bastille was ordered by Charles V of France. Bastille Day is one of the most iconic national days in the world. It had eight towers. Sourced from Wikipedia. Under Louis XIV, the Bastille officially became a State’s prison, where the king’s enemies and critics would be locked up. Postcard of Bastille Day in Longchamps Racecourse, circa 1909. A man named Marquis De Luanay governed/was in charge of the Bastille. Thoth was an ancient Egyptian god of the moon, wisdom, writing, magic, judgment, balance and the dead. Just 10 days after the U.S Independence Day France celebrate their similar holiday Bastille Day! By the next day the outcome became clear to Louis XVI and he tried to reconcile with the public. 2. The taking of the Bastille by French revolutionaries. A battle ensued between the insurgents and the soldiers protecting the Bastille. To mark the day, here are 13 interesting facts about Bastille Day. Well, you were amongst the celebrations organized for France’s national day! At this point, the Bastille was nearly empty of prisoners, housing only seven old … Since 1880, a military parade has been organized in the morning of July 14th. This Revolution began with an armed revolutionthat was the trigger for all new ideas to begin to emerge, and the main and first great revolt was the Storming of the Bastille. France got behind the group which called itself National Assembly and on 27 June, Louis was forced to recognize their validity. Check Amazon’s best-seller list for the most popular travel accessories. Sourced from Wikipedia. If you continue to use this site we will assume that you accept their use. That is why, at the time, everybody – the Parisians, the king, the nobility –, everywhere – in France or in the neighboring royal courts – understood the meaning when it was surrendered to and taken over by the people. Authorities handed the Bastille prison key to Lafayette shortly after the riots. His debut self help book "Happiness Decoded" was released in early 2014. Jacques Necker was director-general of the finances under King Louis XVI. The Estates-General was dissolved and the National Assembly renamed itself the National Constituent Assembly on 9 July. The event obviously could not have been missed by the artists who lived in France and it actually inspired one of the greatest. Like the Boston Massacre the storming of the Bastille was a symbolic event. It commemorated the first anniversary of the Storming of the Bastille and the unity of the French Nation an year after the incident. July 14 is Bastille Day, France’s national holiday. It was followed by the abolishment of feudalism on 4 August, the Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen being adopted on 26 August and the March on Versailles in October. Though the Eiffel Tower’s fireworks are the most famous, it does not mean that others in France are not worth it, on the contrary. Before you think you’ve seen the last of Bastille Day’s history, hang on because it only gets more interesting and bizarre from here on. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. ... Know more about it through these 10 interesting facts. Picture the Champs-de-Mars – where the Eiffel Tower would be built a century after – with about 10,000 people witnessing a series of oaths to the Nation, the Constitution and the law. In France, Estates General was a legislative and consultative assembly of the different classes: the clergy (First Estate), the nobles (Second Estate), and the common people (Third Estate). Furthermore, the national day in France is on July 14 to recognize the Storming of the Bastille.To continue, the storming of the bastille occurred on one main reason. Caused primarily due to a financial crisis, it began with the Storming of the Bastille on July 14, 1789. Bastille was created in innovative design. Apart from a military parade, the French National Day is celebrated with art festivals, fireworks and public revelry. Sourced from Wikipedia. They then set their eyes on large quantities of arms and ammunition stored at the Bastille (around 13,600 kilograms (30,000 lb) of gunpowder was stored there). Facts about Bastille Day 1: the date of the celebration The storming of Bastille took place on 14 July 1789. The Bastille was stormed primarily for gunpowder. Interesting Bastille Day Facts: Bastille originates from the French word for stronghold - bastide. Because after a constant back and forth between monarchical and republican regimes (not to mention Napoleon‘s Consulate and Empire) during the majority of the XIXth century, France had just started by then its third Republic in 1870 and intended, this time, to make it last (spoiler alert: it did). It was built to defend the eastern approach to the city of Paris from the English threat in the Hundred Years’ War. Let’s go back to the kingdom of France under Louis XVIth’s rule. Paris - By month, Paris - Our top 10 lists, Paris - What you need to know before coming to Paris. Looking for the best view over the fireworks in Paris? Check Amazon’s best-seller list for the most popular travel accessories. Thirty-two soldiers Swiss soldiers, who were under the command of Lieutenant Deflue. After the fall of the Bastille, the fortress was claimed by the people and later demolished on the order of … After the end of the official celebration, there was a huge popular four day feast. Did You Know? Who knows, maybe it will help you kick butt at trivia, too. Bastille was also a symbol of the harsh rule of the monarchy and often held people jailed on the basis of direct orders from the king. The event continued to be celebrated with grand, secular events including the burning of replica Bastilles. Due to its significance, 14 July is celebrated as La Fête nationale, known as Bastille Day in English speaking countries. Fireworks around Annecy’s lake, 2012. Before the start of the revolution, France was facing a financial crisis. 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