Students simply click the points on the map to learn more. These problems led to a period of dictatorial rule in the country from 1923 to 1931. Quiz by Aaron197 . In 711, the North African Moors entered Spain and pushed the Visigoths to the north. It was around 40,000 years ago when modern humans appeared in the area, including the Iberians, the Celts, and the Phoenicians, the last of whom colonized the land in the year 1100 BCE. [5], Water stress or water lack, poses the greatest threat in Spain. The largest metropolitan areas, based on 2007 population, were:[12], Natural resources: The Iberian Peninsula has been occupied by many empires over the centuries. Geography and Climate . Africa is less than 10 mi (16 km) south at the Strait of Gibraltar. By the 16th century, Spain was the most powerful country in Europe because of wealth obtained from its exploration of North and South America. Pico de Las Nieves, on Gran Canaria, rises to 1,949 meters, and the Teide, on Tenerife, to 3,718 meters. Spain is about the size of Arizona and Utah combined. 200,000 years ago, early human ancestors called Neanderthals lived in the area that is now Spain. It also includes a small exclave inside France called Llívia, as well as the Balearic Islands in the Mediterranean, the Canary Islands in the Atlantic Ocean 108 km (67 mi) off northwest Africa, and five places of sovereignty (plazas de soberanía) on and off the coast of North Africa: Ceuta, Melilla, Islas Chafarinas, Peñón de Alhucemas, and Peñón de Vélez de la Gomera. The civil war ended in 1939 and General Francisco Franco took over Spain. Cantabrian Mountains This is a mountain range in northern Spain that stretches along the Bay of Biscay, from the western end of the Pyrenees Mountains to the region of Galicia in northwestern Spain. Present-day Spain was then unified by 1512, according to the U.S. Department of State. The Sistema Central rims the capital city of Madrid with peaks that rise to over 2,400 m within the Madrid region. Spain is a country located on the Iberian Peninsula in South Western Europe. The climate of Spain is temperate with hot summers and cold winters inland and cloudy, cool summers and cool winters along the coast. Spain also has a bicameral legislative branch made up of the General Courts (made up of the Senate) and the Congress of Deputies. The Spanish autonomous cities of Ceuta and Melilla are Spanish enclaves lying in mainland Africa in territory claimed by Morocco, are located on the coast of the Alboran Sea, with Ceuta at the very mouth of the Strait of Gibraltar, and Melilla closer to the border with Algeria. Tensions and instability continued in Spain and in July 1936, the Spanish Civil War began. Certain Spanish regions can be considered vulnerable to both flooding and erosion. Teide, a dormant volcano, is the highest peak of Spain and the third largest volcano in the world from its base. The Andalusian Plain is bounded on the north by the Sierra Morena and on the south by the Sistema Penibético; it narrows to an apex in the east where these two mountain chains meet. This stronghold would continue for around three hundre… The area of present-day Spain and the Iberian Peninsula has been inhabited for thousands of years and some of the oldest archeological sites in Europe are located in Spain. Geography Spain occupies 85% of the Iberian Peninsula, which it shares with Portugal, in southwest Europe. On the mainland, the mountains of Spain are the second highest in Europe. She holds a Certificate of Advanced Study in Geographic Information Systems (GIS) from California State University. 111.1 cubic metres (2005). Spain's judicial branch is composed of the Supreme Court, also called the Tribunal Supremo. All the resources that are needed to run the lesson are here including differentiated worksheets, the presentation and maps that can be used if you don't have access to atlases etc. Spain is a country located in southwestern Europe occupying most (about 82 percent) of the Iberian Peninsula. In 1953, Spain signed the Mutual Defense Assistance Agreement with the United States and joined the United Nations in 1955. In the ninth century BCE, the Phoenicians, Greeks, Carthaginians, and Celts all entered the region but by the second century BCE, the Romans had settled there. The northwestern coastline is also truncated by rias, waterbodies similar to fjords. These are commonly grouped into four types: the Meseta Central and associated mountains, other mountainous regions, lowland regions, and islands. Amanda Briney, M.A., is a professional geographer. SPAIN IS A COUNTRY located in southwestern Europe, occupying with PORTUGAL the Iberian Peninsula. Geography of Spain. These shorter rivers carry small volumes of water on an irregular basis, and they have seasonally dry river beds; however, when they do flow, they often are swift and torrential. Spain is the fourth largest country in Europe after Russia, Ukraine and France. Humans have inhabited Spain since the Stone Age. Despite their height, however, the mountain system does not create a major barrier between the northern and the southern portions of the Meseta Central because several passes permit road and railroad transportation to the northwest and the northeast. The Andalusian Plain is essentially a wide river valley through which the Río Guadalquivir flows. Not many people realize it, but Spain is the most mountainous country in Europe after Switzerland and has a wide variety of climates, from the hot, dry region of Andalucía in the South, to the lush, green and humid zones of Galicia and Asturias in the North and Northwest. The country is divided into 17 autonomous communities for local administration. In the early 1800s, it was occupied by France and was involved in several wars, including the Spanish-American War (1898), throughout the 19th century. The Sistema Ibérico extends from the Cordillera Cantábrica southeastward and, close to the Mediterranean, spreads out from the Río Ebro to the Río Júcar. The Phoenicians arrived in the 9th century BC, followed by the Greeks, Carthaginians, and the Romans. The Spanish mainland is bordered to the south and east almost entirely by the Mediterranean Sea (except for the small British territory of Gibraltar); to the north by France, Andorra, and the Bay of Biscay; and to the west by the Atlantic Ocean and Portugal. The Sistema Central, described as the "dorsal spine" of the Meseta Central, divides the Meseta into northern and southern subregions, the former higher in elevation and smaller in area than the latter. Profile Quizzes Subscribed Subscribe? Geography of Spain 1. Spain's capital and largest city is Madrid, and the country is known for its long history, unique culture, strong economy, and very high living standards. The average height of the mountains are 2,000 feet. A lesson that focuses on the physical geography of Spain, including looking at the rivers, seas and terrain. Spain is located in Southwest Europe on the eastern Iberian Peninsula which it shares with Portugal. depressions. Official Name: Kingdom of Spain. That is because the country has many autonomous regions with their own languages, such as Galician, Basque, and Catalan. A broad central plateau slopes to the south and east, crossed by a series of mountain ranges and river valleys. The Ebro Basin is formed by the Río Ebro valley, contained by mountains on three sides—the Sistema Ibérico to the south and west, the Pyrenees to the north and east, and their coastal extensions paralleling the shore to the east. Minor low-lying river valleys close to the Portuguese border are located on the Tagus and the Río Guadiana. The extremely steep mountain slopes in this range are often cut by deep, narrow gorges. Spain also has many mountain ranges. Spain is the second highest country in Europe and that means lots of mountains! Major Landforms: Spain is part of the Iberian Peninsula. Spain shares the Iberian Peninsula with its smaller neighbour, Portugal, and is bordered to the northeast by the Pyrenees mountain range that cuts across France and Andorra. coal, lignite, iron ore, uranium, mercury, pyrites, fluorspar, gypsum, zinc, lead, tungsten, copper, kaolin, potash, sepiolite, hydropower, arable land, Total renewable water resources: Spain has high plateaus surrounded by low coastal plains. km. All of this land area makes Spain the second largest country in Europe behind France. Spain lies between latitudes 27° and 44° N, and longitudes 19° W and 5° E. Its Atlantic coast is 710 km (441 mi) long. Fast Facts: Spain. Spain is a country located in southwestern Europe on the Iberian Peninsula to the south of France and Andorra and to the east of Portugal. Agriculture is also important in many areas of Spain and the main products produced from that industry are grain, vegetables, olives, wine grapes, sugar beets, citrus, beef, pork, poultry, dairy products, and fish. The provinces of Tarragona, Barcelona, and Girona have a Mediterranean shoreline, and the low-lying Catalanides range separates the coastal plain from the Ebro river basin. The country borders the Mediterranean Sea in the South and East and the Atlantic Ocean in the Northwest. The archipelago's highest points, which reach 1,400 meters, are in northwestern Mallorca, close to the coast. Rivers in the extreme northwest and in the narrow northern coastal plain drain directly into the Atlantic Ocean. Geography of Spain
2. The Moors remained in the area until 1492 despite several attempts to push them out. Spain is located in south-western Europe, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea, between Portugal and France. Its national capital is Madrid.
Spain is comprised of 17 autonomous communities which are divided into 50 provinces. Population: 49,331,076 (2018) Official Languages: Spanish nationwide; Catalan, Galician, Basque, Aranese regionally. The most famous mountain range in Spain is located in the north. These international partnerships eventually allowed Spain's economy to begin growing because it had been closed off from much of Europe and the world prior to that time. Roman settlement in Spain lasted until the seventh century but many of their settlements were taken over by the Visigoths, who arrived in the fifth century. Of the roughly 1,800 rivers and streams in Spain, only the Tagus is more than 960 kilometers long; all but 90 extend less than 96 kilometers. The Rio Guadalquivir is one of the most significant rivers in Spain because it irrigates a fertile valley, thus creating a rich agricultural area, and because it is navigable inland, making Seville the only inland river port for ocean-going traffic in Spain. The major industries of Spain are textiles and apparel, food and beverages, metals and metal manufactures, chemicals, shipbuilding, automobiles, machine tools, clay and refractory products, footwear, pharmaceuticals, and medical equipment. Most of Spain comprises a large plateau (the Meseta Central) divided by a mountain range, the Central Sierra (Sistema Central), which trends west-southwest to east-northeast. Most of Spain's boundaries are water: the Mediterranean Sea along the east from the French border down to Gibraltar and the Strait of Gibraltar, which can be divided into the Balearic Sea along the northern stretch, and the Alboran Sea in the southern sector, and the Atlantic Ocean on the northwest and southwest (in the south as the Golfo de Cádiz or Gulf of Cádiz and in the north as the Mar Cantábrico or Bay of Biscay). Description: This is an interactive map of Spain. Spain is bordered by 5 countries: by Portugal in the west, by France and Andorra in the northeast, by Gibraltar and Morocco (the Spanish territories of Ceuta and Melilla in North Africa), in the south. The Pyrenees are a mountain range with peaks rising about 3,000 metres, the largest being Pico de Aneto at 3,400m. South-west of Madrid, the Sistema Central shows its highest peak, Pico Almanzor, of 2,592 m. The mountains of the Sistema Central, which continue westward into Portugal, display some glacial features; the highest of the peaks are snow-capped for most of the year. Spain lies on the Iberian Peninsula. The mountains that rise up above the Mediterranean Sea to form these islands are an extension of the Sistema Penibetico. Spanish territory comprises nearly five-sixths of the Iberian Peninsula, which the nation shares with Portugal, the micro-state of Andorra, and the British possession of Gibraltar. 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