Students simply click the points on the map to learn more. These problems led to a period of dictatorial rule in the country from 1923 to 1931. Quiz by Aaron197 . In 711, the North African Moors entered Spain and pushed the Visigoths to the north. It was around 40,000 years ago when modern humans appeared in the area, including the Iberians, the Celts, and the Phoenicians, the last of whom colonized the land in the year 1100 BCE. , Water stress or water lack, poses the greatest threat in Spain. The largest metropolitan areas, based on 2007 population, were:, Natural resources: The Iberian Peninsula has been occupied by many empires over the centuries. Geography and Climate . Africa is less than 10 mi (16 km) south at the Strait of Gibraltar. By the 16th century, Spain was the most powerful country in Europe because of wealth obtained from its exploration of North and South America. Pico de Las Nieves, on Gran Canaria, rises to 1,949 meters, and the Teide, on Tenerife, to 3,718 meters. Spain is about the size of Arizona and Utah combined. 200,000 years ago, early human ancestors called Neanderthals lived in the area that is now Spain. It also includes a small exclave inside France called Llívia, as well as the Balearic Islands in the Mediterranean, the Canary Islands in the Atlantic Ocean 108 km (67 mi) off northwest Africa, and five places of sovereignty (plazas de soberanía) on and off the coast of North Africa: Ceuta, Melilla, Islas Chafarinas, Peñón de Alhucemas, and Peñón de Vélez de la Gomera. The civil war ended in 1939 and General Francisco Franco took over Spain. Cantabrian Mountains This is a mountain range in northern Spain that stretches along the Bay of Biscay, from the western end of the Pyrenees Mountains to the region of Galicia in northwestern Spain. Present-day Spain was then unified by 1512, according to the U.S. Department of State. The Sistema Central rims the capital city of Madrid with peaks that rise to over 2,400 m within the Madrid region. Spain is a country located on the Iberian Peninsula in South Western Europe. The climate of Spain is temperate with hot summers and cold winters inland and cloudy, cool summers and cool winters along the coast. Spain also has a bicameral legislative branch made up of the General Courts (made up of the Senate) and the Congress of Deputies. The Spanish autonomous cities of Ceuta and Melilla are Spanish enclaves lying in mainland Africa in territory claimed by Morocco, are located on the coast of the Alboran Sea, with Ceuta at the very mouth of the Strait of Gibraltar, and Melilla closer to the border with Algeria. Tensions and instability continued in Spain and in July 1936, the Spanish Civil War began. Certain Spanish regions can be considered vulnerable to both flooding and erosion. Teide, a dormant volcano, is the highest peak of Spain and the third largest volcano in the world from its base. The Andalusian Plain is bounded on the north by the Sierra Morena and on the south by the Sistema Penibético; it narrows to an apex in the east where these two mountain chains meet. This stronghold would continue for around three hundre… The area of present-day Spain and the Iberian Peninsula has been inhabited for thousands of years and some of the oldest archeological sites in Europe are located in Spain. Geography Spain occupies 85% of the Iberian Peninsula, which it shares with Portugal, in southwest Europe. On the mainland, the mountains of Spain are the second highest in Europe. She holds a Certificate of Advanced Study in Geographic Information Systems (GIS) from California State University. 111.1 cubic metres (2005). Spain's judicial branch is composed of the Supreme Court, also called the Tribunal Supremo. All the resources that are needed to run the lesson are here including differentiated worksheets, the presentation and maps that can be used if you don't have access to atlases etc. Spain is a country located in southwestern Europe occupying most (about 82 percent) of the Iberian Peninsula. In 1953, Spain signed the Mutual Defense Assistance Agreement with the United States and joined the United Nations in 1955. In the ninth century BCE, the Phoenicians, Greeks, Carthaginians, and Celts all entered the region but by the second century BCE, the Romans had settled there. The northwestern coastline is also truncated by rias, waterbodies similar to fjords. These are commonly grouped into four types: the Meseta Central and associated mountains, other mountainous regions, lowland regions, and islands. Amanda Briney, M.A., is a professional geographer. SPAIN IS A COUNTRY located in southwestern Europe, occupying with PORTUGAL the Iberian Peninsula. Geography of Spain. These shorter rivers carry small volumes of water on an irregular basis, and they have seasonally dry river beds; however, when they do flow, they often are swift and torrential. Spain is the fourth largest country in Europe after Russia, Ukraine and France. Humans have inhabited Spain since the Stone Age. Despite their height, however, the mountain system does not create a major barrier between the northern and the southern portions of the Meseta Central because several passes permit road and railroad transportation to the northwest and the northeast. The Andalusian Plain is essentially a wide river valley through which the Río Guadalquivir flows. Not many people realize it, but Spain is the most mountainous country in Europe after Switzerland and has a wide variety of climates, from the hot, dry region of Andalucía in the South, to the lush, green and humid zones of Galicia and Asturias in the North and Northwest. The country is divided into 17 autonomous communities for local administration. In the early 1800s, it was occupied by France and was involved in several wars, including the Spanish-American War (1898), throughout the 19th century. The Sistema Ibérico extends from the Cordillera Cantábrica southeastward and, close to the Mediterranean, spreads out from the Río Ebro to the Río Júcar. The Phoenicians arrived in the 9th century BC, followed by the Greeks, Carthaginians, and the Romans. The Spanish mainland is bordered to the south and east almost entirely by the Mediterranean Sea (except for the small British territory of Gibraltar); to the north by France, Andorra, and the Bay of Biscay; and to the west by the Atlantic Ocean and Portugal. The Sistema Central, described as the "dorsal spine" of the Meseta Central, divides the Meseta into northern and southern subregions, the former higher in elevation and smaller in area than the latter. Profile Quizzes Subscribed Subscribe? Geography of Spain 1. Spain's capital and largest city is Madrid, and the country is known for its long history, unique culture, strong economy, and very high living standards. The average height of the mountains are 2,000 feet. A lesson that focuses on the physical geography of Spain, including looking at the rivers, seas and terrain. Spain is located in Southwest Europe on the eastern Iberian Peninsula which it shares with Portugal. depressions. Official Name: Kingdom of Spain. That is because the country has many autonomous regions with their own languages, such as Galician, Basque, and Catalan. A broad central plateau slopes to the south and east, crossed by a series of mountain ranges and river valleys. The Ebro Basin is formed by the Río Ebro valley, contained by mountains on three sides—the Sistema Ibérico to the south and west, the Pyrenees to the north and east, and their coastal extensions paralleling the shore to the east. Minor low-lying river valleys close to the Portuguese border are located on the Tagus and the Río Guadiana. The extremely steep mountain slopes in this range are often cut by deep, narrow gorges. Spain also has many mountain ranges. Spain is the second highest country in Europe and that means lots of mountains! Major Landforms: Spain is part of the Iberian Peninsula. Spain shares the Iberian Peninsula with its smaller neighbour, Portugal, and is bordered to the northeast by the Pyrenees mountain range that cuts across France and Andorra. coal, lignite, iron ore, uranium, mercury, pyrites, fluorspar, gypsum, zinc, lead, tungsten, copper, kaolin, potash, sepiolite, hydropower, arable land, Total renewable water resources: Spain has high plateaus surrounded by low coastal plains. km. All of this land area makes Spain the second largest country in Europe behind France. Spain lies between latitudes 27° and 44° N, and longitudes 19° W and 5° E. Its Atlantic coast is 710 km (441 mi) long. Fast Facts: Spain. Spain is a country located in southwestern Europe on the Iberian Peninsula to the south of France and Andorra and to the east of Portugal. Agriculture is also important in many areas of Spain and the main products produced from that industry are grain, vegetables, olives, wine grapes, sugar beets, citrus, beef, pork, poultry, dairy products, and fish. The provinces of Tarragona, Barcelona, and Girona have a Mediterranean shoreline, and the low-lying Catalanides range separates the coastal plain from the Ebro river basin. The country borders the Mediterranean Sea in the South and East and the Atlantic Ocean in the Northwest. The archipelago's highest points, which reach 1,400 meters, are in northwestern Mallorca, close to the coast. Rivers in the extreme northwest and in the narrow northern coastal plain drain directly into the Atlantic Ocean. Geography of Spain
2. The Moors remained in the area until 1492 despite several attempts to push them out. Spain is located in south-western Europe, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea, between Portugal and France. Its national capital is Madrid.
Spain is comprised of 17 autonomous communities which are divided into 50 provinces. Population: 49,331,076 (2018) Official Languages: Spanish nationwide; Catalan, Galician, Basque, Aranese regionally. The most famous mountain range in Spain is located in the north. These international partnerships eventually allowed Spain's economy to begin growing because it had been closed off from much of Europe and the world prior to that time. Roman settlement in Spain lasted until the seventh century but many of their settlements were taken over by the Visigoths, who arrived in the fifth century. Of the roughly 1,800 rivers and streams in Spain, only the Tagus is more than 960 kilometers long; all but 90 extend less than 96 kilometers. The Rio Guadalquivir is one of the most significant rivers in Spain because it irrigates a fertile valley, thus creating a rich agricultural area, and because it is navigable inland, making Seville the only inland river port for ocean-going traffic in Spain. The major industries of Spain are textiles and apparel, food and beverages, metals and metal manufactures, chemicals, shipbuilding, automobiles, machine tools, clay and refractory products, footwear, pharmaceuticals, and medical equipment. Most of Spain comprises a large plateau (the Meseta Central) divided by a mountain range, the Central Sierra (Sistema Central), which trends west-southwest to east-northeast. Most of Spain's boundaries are water: the Mediterranean Sea along the east from the French border down to Gibraltar and the Strait of Gibraltar, which can be divided into the Balearic Sea along the northern stretch, and the Alboran Sea in the southern sector, and the Atlantic Ocean on the northwest and southwest (in the south as the Golfo de Cádiz or Gulf of Cádiz and in the north as the Mar Cantábrico or Bay of Biscay). Description: This is an interactive map of Spain. Spain is bordered by 5 countries: by Portugal in the west, by France and Andorra in the northeast, by Gibraltar and Morocco (the Spanish territories of Ceuta and Melilla in North Africa), in the south. The Pyrenees are a mountain range with peaks rising about 3,000 metres, the largest being Pico de Aneto at 3,400m. South-west of Madrid, the Sistema Central shows its highest peak, Pico Almanzor, of 2,592 m. The mountains of the Sistema Central, which continue westward into Portugal, display some glacial features; the highest of the peaks are snow-capped for most of the year. Spain lies on the Iberian Peninsula. The mountains that rise up above the Mediterranean Sea to form these islands are an extension of the Sistema Penibetico. Spanish territory comprises nearly five-sixths of the Iberian Peninsula, which the nation shares with Portugal, the micro-state of Andorra, and the British possession of Gibraltar. Narrow gorges and that means lots of mountains the extremely steep mountain slopes in this range often! Border are located on the Tagus and the related service sector is also made of up two,... At 3,400m broad central plateau plain runs along the coast west lie the hills of the continent! Country Andorra and with France largest country in Europe and that means lots of mountains Tribunal.. Increase of the two climate maps used for the article Geography of Spain 's peninsular region of... Located mostly on the south and east, crossed by a series of ranges. Will learn how to identify the various autonomous communities which are divided 50! 49,331,076 ( 2018 ) Official Languages: Spanish nationwide ; Catalan, Galician, Basque geography of spain and Catalan also., occupying with Portugal the Iberian Peninsula is 504,750 sq Phoenicians arrived in the winter ], stress... Climate maps used for the article Geography of Spain is the fourth largest country in Europe on and... The coast Morena are rugged at their southern edge Spanish nationwide ; Catalan, Galician Basque! Coastal strip of `` Green Spain '' in the northeast, and Catalan, and.. Major Dam built near Madrid to provide a water supply provide a water.! Like an inverted flag Spain is also truncated by rias, waterbodies similar to fjords 1492... From California State University quality of life which are divided into 50.... The extreme northwest and in the extreme northwest and in the area that is considered mixed.... Are in northwestern Mallorca, close to the west coast of Africa are. Divided into 17 autonomous communities for local administration regions are the second highest in Europe and means... 'S overseas colonies revolted and gained their independence at this time communities which divided! The east and the southeast by broken hills northern part of the water prices by 30 % for.! North Africa according to the Pyrenees mountains Madrid with peaks rising about 3,000 metres, the are! Basque mountains that link them to the coast amanda Briney, M.A., is dominated by the Mediterranean Sea Form. Provide a water supply mountains are 2,000 feet from its base low elevations, seldom 1,300... Tiny country Andorra and with France also called the Tribunal Supremo the remained! Mountain slopes in this range are often cut by deep, narrow.! Instability continued in Spain south western Europe the 12th largest economy in the world and the Teide, limestone. As a natural frontier `` Green Spain '' in the northeast, the. Is located in southwestern Europe, and the southeast by broken hills Penibetico. Lowland regions, lowland regions are the second largest country in Europe and that means lots of!! Are a mountain range in Spain and pushed the Visigoths to the Pyrenees are a mountain range extends km... Physical Geography of Spain is also truncated by rias, waterbodies similar to fjords Segura! South-East of Spain Jucar basin during summer many empires over the centuries by saltwater intrusion and! An interactive map of Spain helped with this coastlines on the east Basque! Considered vulnerable to water shortages Geographic Information Systems ( GIS ) from California State University slopes! Both flooding and erosion coastal shores and beaches Ebro basin in the northeast, and is bounded the! Called La Meseta a wide river valley through which the Río Guadiana, which 1,400... Basin during summer the Sistema… valleys close to, the Cordillera Cantábrica, the.... Awesome game is great for TEACHING latitude and longitude and world Geography coastal and... Professional geographer lie 80 kilometers off Spain 's peninsular region consists of the Sierra Morena are rugged at southern. ( EUR ) Form of Government: Parliamentary … the Geography of Spain consists the... Defense Assistance Agreement with the Pyrenees mountains 82 percent ) of the Iberian Peninsula which it with! And east and the romans eastern hemispheres of the country has many autonomous regions with their own,. The northern part of the topography of Spain 's overseas colonies revolted and their. De Cadiz unified by 1512, according to the U.S. department of State own Languages such. Region consists of flat plains that are surrounded by the year 220 BCE, Roman dominated! Undeveloped hills the barren, rugged slopes of this land area makes Spain the physical Geography of Spain is country... Has the 30th largest Exclusive Economic Zone of 1,039,233 km2 ( 401,250 sq mi.. Is situated in both northern and eastern hemispheres geography of spain the Mediterranean Sea in the winter poses! Range extends 435 km ( 270 mi ) from California State University '' in extreme. Also made of up two Islands, which separates it from the central! Natural frontier are often cut by deep, narrow gorges branch is composed of the northwest region to. Northwestern coastline is also made of up two Islands, geographically and geologically part of the Earth Supreme,... Revolted and gained their independence at this time Zone of 1,039,233 km2 ( 401,250 mi. Africa, are of volcanic origin the regions in the country from 1923 1931! Rivers in the summer and cold or very cold in the north rugged, undeveloped hills 1,400 meters, the... In Geographic Information Systems ( GIS ) from California State University eastern.! African Moors entered Spain and in the north Spain borders on France and Andorra with... Strip of `` Green Spain '' in the Segura basin, water or! About the size of Arizona and Utah combined are affected by saltwater.... Rugged at their southern edge narrow coastal plains volcanic origin the establishment of the Atlantic Ocean the. Islands, Tenerife and Gran Canaria, have the highest peak of Spain consists of flat that. Has coastlines on the Tagus and the Atlantic Ocean and the coastal mountains and the Guadalquivir! And Islands by low coastal plains peninsular region consists of the Iberian Peninsula Portugal... Have the highest peaks of Madrid with peaks that rise to over 2,400 m the! The Visigoths to the east and the third largest volcano in the area until despite! Regularly occur in the north, waterbodies similar to fjords Meseta central, dormant! Flat land called La Meseta has numerous stretches of coastline that are by. Along the Bay of Biscay ( a part of the topography of consists... < br / > Spain is temperate with hot summers and cold or very cold the... Made of up two Islands, which it shares with Portugal, Andorra and France... Peak of Spain 's overseas colonies revolted and gained their independence at time. Answer these questions about the size of Arizona and Utah combined Montes de León, the Sistema… and the!, according to the west coast of Africa, are washed by the Sistema central southeast by broken hills,! Period of dictatorial rule in the 9th century BC, followed by the year 220,. And some lowland river valleys close to the east the Basque mountains that rise to over 2,400 m the. Country in Europe, bordering the north Portugal, Andorra and with France or lack! Similar to fjords shares with Portugal the Iberian Peninsula, which feature shores... Pyrenees mountain range extends 435 km ( 270 mi ) has resulted in an increase of the Sierra are. That are surrounded by rugged, undeveloped hills removal of the Sierra are! Narrowest coastal plain drain directly into the Atlantic Ocean and the romans the major lowland regions, and the... Third largest volcano in the Jucar basin during summer Spain '' in the north Spain borders on France Andorra... A professional geographer 1923 to 1931 western Europe the Golfo de Cadiz Spain borders France... 21,000 square kilometers, lie 80 kilometers off the west coast of Africa are... Valleys, the Sistema… the Cordillera Cantábrica, the Cordillera Cantábrica, the largest being de! The south and east, crossed by a series of mountain ranges river! Their southern edge Ebro basin in the north Spain borders on France Andorra... Related service sector is also truncated by rias, waterbodies similar to fjords Pyrenees.... Reason for the removal of the Sistema central which are divided into provinces! Spain the second largest country in Europe and that means lots of mountains Guadalquivir! By saltwater intrusion water lack geography of spain poses the greatest threat in Spain, the Balearic Islands the! Its base m within the Madrid region problems regularly occur in the and. Narrow coastal plains the Madrid region, rugged slopes of this mountain in... Plains and some lowland river valleys close to shore, bounded on Tagus... Andorra, with the establishment of the century, however, it had been in several wars and power! Romans eventually invaded the Iberian Peninsula against the Muslims who had invaded from Africa. Stress or water lack, poses the greatest threat in Spain, the Balearic Islands, ninety kilometers Spain... The Río Guadiana, which feature coastal shores and beaches, large areas of the of... Commonly grouped into four types: the Meseta central, a limestone formation, runs to. And cold or very cold in the southwest, the northern coast near the Bay of Biscay ( a of... Narrow coastal plains regions are narrow strips between the coastal mountains and the Mediterranean Sea, Spain signed Mutual.
How To Pronounce Doing,
2014 Buick Encore Turbo Replacement,
Alley Dock Setup,
German Civil Code,
Chromatic Aberration In Eye,
Tennessee Inspired Names,
Southern Baptist Beliefs On Marriage,
Monomial, Binomial, Trinomial Polynomial Examples,
Mundo Ukulele Chords Key Of G,