While the most important Mycenaean artifactsare exhibited at the National Archaeological Museum of Athens, a variety of other objects unearthed in the vicinity are exhibited in its three halls. B.C.) To the right of the hearth was a raised platform for the royal throne. It provides context to the excavations and it is easily visited after a tour of the archaeological site. Mycenae is an ancient city located on a small hill between two larger hills on the fertile Argolid Plain in Peloponnese, Greece. Mycenae’s true origins are unknown. For more information on the archaeological site of Mycenae, click here.. Get to know the area. In a walking distance from the citadel is the Treasury of Atreus, the best-preserved vaulted tomb in Greece. Hotel in Argos (6.7 miles from Archaeological Site of Mycenae) Morfeas Hotel is situated in the historic center of Argos and offers rooms with views of St. Peter's … Mycenaeans also likely engaged in mercenary wars and piracy, and they were known to periodically raid and loot the coastal towns of Egyptians and Hittites. Where to eat? The massive “Cyclopean” walls of Mycenae also enclosed residential houses for aristocrats, various shrines, and Grave Circle A (so named by archaeologists), a stone funerary enclosure that contained massive shaft graves for the Mycenaean elite. The Mycenaean civilization dates from 1,600 BC to 1,100 BC approximately, reaching its peak between 1,400 BC and 1,200 BC. It was constructed in 1250 BC and it was believed to be the grave of Agamemnon. The Perseid dynasty ruled Mycenae for at least three generations and ended with the rule of Eurytheus, whom legends claim commissioned Hercules to perform the 12 labors. Outside the walls of Mycenae is the tomb of Aegisthus, who organized the assassination of Agamemnon along with his mistress, Clytemnestra. Subscribe for fascinating stories connecting the past to the present. While many Mycenaean artifacts are exhibited at the National Archaeological Museum of Athens, the smaller Mycenae Museum next to the ancient citadel houses additional items discovered during archaeological digs in the surrounding site. Do you like They did not develop the arts much and there are no recorded facts of extensive trade between Mycenae and other city-states, although Mycenaean pots have been found in the Mediterranean basin, most in southern Italy and even in Egypt. Mycenae; Ministry of Culture and Sports. A very prosperous town in ancient times, Mycenae Greece gave its name to an entire civilization, the Mycenaean civilization, that flourished from about 1,600 to 1,000 BC. The archaeological sites of Mycenae and Tiryns are the imposing ruins of the two greatest cities of the Mycenaean civilization, which dominated the eastern Mediterranean world from the 15th to the 12th century B.C. The archaeological sites of Mycenae and Tiryns are the imposing ruins of the two greatest cities of the Mycenaean civilization, which dominated the eastern Mediterranean world from … )—the people of Argos founded a village on the Mycenae hill, repaired some of the citadel’s walls and Archaic-period temple, and built a small theatre over the walkway to the tholos Tomb of Clytemnestra (Agamemnon’s wife). In 1876, after opening several small test trenches in 1874, Heinrich Schliemann began excavating Grave Circle A, where he uncovered five graves. But these early settlements left few records due to the site having continuous re-occupation up until the founding of the citadel. Inhabited since the Neolithic era, the site became the largest centre of the Mycenaean civilisation during the Late Bronze Age (c.1100-1600 BCE). At some point, however, the new village was subsequently abandoned. The combined ticket worth 20 euros is valid for Mycenae (the Archaeological Site, the Museum and the Treasure of Atreus), Tiryns, Asini, Palamidi, Museum of Nafplio and Byzantine Museum of Argos and lasts for 3 days from its issuance. The entrance to the archaeological site of Mycenae on October 27, 2019.jpg 5,984 × 3,989; 9.55 MB The House of the Oil Merchant Group (13th cent. during the height of the ancient Greek Empire. This system was comprised of three ...read more, In 1974, peasants digging a well near the city of Xian, in Shaanxi province, China, stumbled upon a cache of life-size, terracotta figures of soldiers at what was later determined to be the burial complex of the first emperor of the Qin Dynasty, Qin Shi Huang (259 B.C.-210 ...read more, The story of the Trojan War—the Bronze Age conflict between the kingdoms of Troy and Mycenaean Greece–straddles the history and mythology of ancient Greece and inspired the greatest writers of antiquity, from Homer, Herodotus and Sophocles to Virgil. Mycenae is situated in a naturally fortified position between the sloping hills of Profitis Ilias and Mount Sara, located some 20 km southwest of the Mycenaean city Tiryns. Monuments at the archaeological site of Mycenae have not been damaged by a wildfire that swept through the area, despite blackening from smoke on the iconic entrance to … Smoke from a wildfire billows over the archaeological site of Mycenae in the northeastern Peloponnese, on August 30, 2020. Mycenaeans enjoyed a prosperous rule over the Greek mainland and areas around the Aegean Sea, with the elite living in comfort and style, and the king ruling over a highly organized feudal system. Further restorations continued in the late 1990s. Where to stay? © document.write(new Date().getFullYear()); Greeka. Mycenae was also prominent in Greek mythology and inspired poets, writers, and artists throughout the centuries, though it was ultimately abandoned more than 2,000 years ago. The megaron’s main chamber was a long rectangular room with a hearth in the center that’s surrounded by four columns supporting the roof. Treasury of Atreus, also called Tomb of Agamemnon, a beehive, or tholos, tomb built about 1350 to 1250 bc at Mycenae, Greece.This surviving architectural structure of the Mycenaean civilization is a pointed dome built up of overhanging (i.e., corbeled) blocks of conglomerate masonry cut and polished to give the impression of a true vault. When Perseus left Argos for Tiryns, he instructed Cyclopes (one-eyed giants) to build the walls of Mycenae with stones no human could lift. Mycenae may have further suffered at the hands of raiders from the sea. Around the same time, members of the society restored the Tomb of Clytemnestra, the megaron, Grave Circle B, and the area surrounding the Lion Gate. According to Greek mythology, Perseus—son of the Greek god Zeus and Danae, who was the daughter of Acricio, the king of Argos—founded Mycenae. The earliest archaeological fragments indicate that the site of Mycenae was inhabited since the 7th millennium BC, from prehistoric times. The city was once considered the most important Greek city and the most important trading center in the Mediterranean region. The megaron was surrounded by an irregular complex of buildings that included offices, archives, shrines, corridors, armories, storerooms, workshops, potteries, and oil-press rooms. Thomas R. Martin. As a kid, I was always fascinated by myths, legends, and ancient civilizations. Driving from Athens, just before Nafplio, lays the ancient city of Mycenae. The structure, completed around 126-128 A.D. during the reign of Emperor Hadrian, features a rotunda with a massive domed ceiling that was the largest of its kind when it was built. Greeka team and its community members will be delighted to help you! Excavations of Mycenae, particularly of the lower town outside of the citadel walls, continued in the 2000s. In Mycenae and other Mycenaean strongholds, workshops produced an array of both utilitarian and luxury goods, including weapons and tools, jewelry, carved gems, glass ornaments and vases, which likely transported oil, wine, and other commodities for trade. Mycenae is an archaeological site and an ancient Mycenaean city, located in the Argolis region of the North-East Peloponnese in Greece. Mycenae in Greece is one of the most famous archaeological sites in the country. The citadel of Mycenae was constructed on the slopes of a hill overlooking the valley of Argos. But if you see something that doesn't look right, click here to contact us! In 1837, after the Greek Independence, the archaeological site of Mycenae came under the jurisdiction of the Greek Archaeological Society, whose representative K. Pittakis cleared the Lion Gate in 1841. Next to the citadel of Mycenae is the Archaeological Museum that hosts many valuable items excavated from this site. Mycenae and Tiryns; Greek National Tourism Organisation. Wildfire reportedly near the ruins of the Bronze Age stronghold of Mycenae in Greece. "use strict";(function(){var insertion=document.getElementById("citation-access-date");var date=new Date().toLocaleDateString(undefined,{month:"long",day:"numeric",year:"numeric"});insertion.parentElement.replaceChild(document.createTextNode(date),insertion)})(); FACT CHECK: We strive for accuracy and fairness. ), a temple dedicated to Hera or Athena was erected on the summit of the Mycenaean citadel. A force of 56 fire fighters, two ground teams and 17 fire engines, assisted by four aircraft and two helicopters, are currently working to put out the blaze. Mycenae – Myth and History combined. Fire near Greek archaeological site of Mycenae dies down ATHENS- Agence France-Presse. Perseus Digital Library. Áyios Vasílios (5.2 miles from Archaeological Site of Mycenae) Country house in authentic Greek village is located in Áyios Vasílios and offers a garden, barbecue facilities and a terrace. Cambridge, MA, Harvard University Press; London, William Heinemann Ltd. 1918. Pausanias Description of Greece with an English Translation by W.H.S. https://www.history.com/topics/ancient-greece/mycenae. Archaeological Site of Mycenae. In a dominant, naturally fortified position between the tranquil sloping hills of Profitis Ilias, and Sara, with a plentiful water supply, it was an ideal place for man to settle and live a protected life. Whatever the case, though the citadel was abandoned, the outer city was not completely deserted and the remaining town was sparsely inhabited until the Greek Classical Period (5th and 4th centuries B.C.). It’s unclear what caused the destruction of Mycenae, though theories abound. 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