These numbers can be manipulated using formulas. CPU The brain of the computer or Central Processing Unit. Typical pc hardware, mother-board, removable media devices su ch as CD, DVD will be explained. Computer Specifications & Terms Explained (For Inquiring Minds) General Terminology . A glossary of computer terminology Application (sometimes shortened to ‘app’) Computer software, also known as a ‘program’ or ‘app’ that performs a task or set of tasks, such as word processing or drawing. %���� %PDF-1.3 10. Choose from 102 different sets of definitions terminology computer hardware flashcards on Quizlet. the physical and structural components of computers, architectural issues, and peripheral devices. computer virus: Rogue software programs that are difficult to detect which spread rapidly through computer systems, destroying data or disrupting processing and memory systems. Computer hardware includes the physical parts of a computer, such as the case, central processing unit (CPU), monitor, mouse, keyboard, computer data storage, graphics card, sound card, speakers and motherboard.. By contrast, software is the set of instructions that can be stored and run by hardware. GHz: Speed in Gigahertz (1 GHz = 1000 MHz) MB: Storage Capacity in Megabytes. Many computers ship with a firewall you can activate. A list of computer-related acronyms. It is so named because it is conceptually one level higher than a supervisory program. the portion of a CPU which actually performs arithmetic and logical operations. The CPU interprets and carries out program instructions. No … While an effort has been made to avoid superfluous mathematics, equations are some-times necessary to completely and effectively define a term. 3 0 obj Bus – In this context, a hardware bus is the architecture in a computer’s sub-systems that allows the various components to communicate with each other. Fast, volatile memory that the computer uses to compute the more immediate processes. The hardware is the physical equipment: the computer itself, and the peripherals connected to it. Mouse wheel: A wheel in the middle of most computer mice that allows you to scroll up and down a window on your computer screen. Disk Drive . Just know Hertz refers to speed and Bytes refers to size or capacity . Any digital computer carries out five functions in gross terms: Computer Components Any kind of computers consists of HARDWARE AND SOFTWARE. Computer hardware terms and related words and jargon relating to computer hardware. Active Window: In the Windows Operating system an active window is the current window that you are working on. A glossary of computer and Internet terms with definitions that are easy to understand. If this heat is not kept in check, the processor could overheat and eventually destroy itself. Some firewalls are free. Computer Graphics Computer Graphics are visual presentations on a computer screen. With this list, kids can understand key terms and become a technology wiz. The first list includes computer definitions for students related to working on a computer. Computer Terms / Terminologies Starting with “A” with Definitions. Central processing unit; the brain of the computer; controls the other elements of the computer . Firewalls block traffic that is undesirable in some way, the intention being to prevent infection by malware and so on without restricting the user from carrying out legitimate activity. Converts mains AC to low-voltage regulated DC power for the internal components of a computer. Computer Hardware Basic Terms. It covers hardware, software, and related ideas. Computer or CPU (central processing unit) The main part, or “brains” of a computer. The ball slides within a bored cylinder, against the pressure of a spring, which pushes the ball against the detent, a hole of smaller diameter than the ball. By contrast, software is the set of instructions that can be stored and run by hardware. In today’s technological world, knowing computer terms for kids is a must. ADDRESS: Identification, represented in the form of a name, label, or number, for recognizing a particular location in storage area. A. /Length 2348 The peripherals are any devices attached to the computer for purposes of input, output, and storage of data (such as a keyboard, monitor display, or external hard disk). This page contains a technical definition of PDF. Malware consists of viruses, worms, Trojans, spyware, adware, backdoors, rootkits, and bots. Hard Drive . Computer hardware refers to the physical components that make up a computer system. A peripheral device that reads and/or writes information on a disk . Quizlet flashcards, activities and games help you improve your grades. Computer hardware refers to the physical parts or components of a computer such as the monitor, mouse, keyboard, computer data storage, hard drive … In today’s technological world, knowing computer terms for kids is a must. HARDWARE Central Processing Unit (CPU) The brain of the computer, the main component that does all the processing and number crunching. Peter Day's Glossary of Computer Terms Denis Howe's Dictionary of Computing PDF is a ... TechTerms - The Tech Terms Computer Dictionary. You can also get a free 59 page PDF Computer Terms Dictionary when you sign up for the Tips4pc newsletter at the bottom of every post. Basic Computer Terminology: 1. Applications, apps or programs can be thought of as electronic ‘tools’ for doing electronic jobs. Some basic hardware includes the motherboard, CPU, RAM, hard drive, etc. Learn definitions terminology computer hardware with free interactive flashcards. A glossary of computer terminology Application (sometimes shortened to ‘app’) Computer software, also known as a ‘program’ or ‘app’ that performs a task or set of tasks, such as word processing or drawing. All definitions on the TechTerms website are written to be technically accurate but also easy to … Desktop computers, mainframes, smartphones, tablets, GPS units, video game consoles, and smart devices all connect to the internet. A peripheral device that reads and/or writes information on a disk . Hard Drive This dictionary is ideal not only for students of computing but for those studying the related fields of Information Technology, mathematics, physics, media communications, electronic engineering, and natural sciences. This glossary of computer hardware terms is a list of definitions of terms and concepts related to computer hardware, i.e. 5 0 obj It can destroy information stored on the computer, and in extreme cases, can destroy operability. 3 Storage devices like hard disk, floppy disks etc. Stands for "Portable Document Format." Browse through our list of over 15,000 computer terms and definitions using the above search, browsing by letter, or by clicking one of the links below. Class A The simplest type of amplifier, class A amplifiers are those in which the output transistors conduct (i.e. Computer Networks A computer network is a system or communication among two or more computers. Class A: The simplest type of amplifier, class A amplifiers are those in which the output transistors conduct (i.e. Moreover, it does all the data manipulation, calculations and formatting data for output. Glossary of electrical engineering terms and definitions listed alphabetically ... Complex instruction set computer (CISC): Computer hardware designed to support complex instructions, as opposed to RISC (reduced instruction set computer) architecture. If you are new to using computers you should also see my article about basic computer terminology which explains computer terms such as software, hardware, and so on, in details. Objects of the type are created and inspected only by calls to the access functions. Computer Terms with their meaning / definition starting with A. Glossary of Re-engineering Terms Software Engineering GLOSSARY Abstract Data Types (ADT) A type whose internal form is hidden behind a set of access functions. The computer networks can be broadly classified as Homogenous' and 'Heterogeneous'. Software The programs or instructions that tell the computer what to do, such as word processors, spreadsheets, and databases. The term is often used interchangeably with adware and malware. CD-R drive: A type of disk drive that can create CD-ROMs and audio CDs. With this list, kids can understand key terms and become a technology wiz. Definitions. Bit: A binary unit of data storage with … This WhatIs.com glossary contains terms related to computer hardware, including definitions about cables, connectors and power supply units and words and phrases about computing peripheral devices including the keyboard, mouse, audio speakers, and printers . Unsolicited email messages sent out in bulk and generally commercial in nature. Malware: Short for malicious software, malware is software code that is designed to damage files or entire computer systems, steal data, disrupt network, and do generally bad things to computers, networks, and people. core. Computer hardware may sometimes be seen abbreviated as computer hw. ROM The permanent memory that is built in your computer. The Illustrated Dictionary of Electronics—8th Editionhas been revised, clarified, and up-dated, reflecting technological advances of recent years. Spyware Computer software that collects personal information about users without their informed consent. Unlike most computer manufacturers, Razer’s entire product catalog is … Power supply unit. acknowledgment 1. n. The transmission, by a receiver, of acknowledge characters as an affirmative response to a sender. The section will expose students to computer hardware parts, their definitions and use. Glossary of GCSE Computer Science keywords. Software: Software: The functioning of the computer is not dependent on hardware alone. In the early S/360 days a system had a single processor, which was also known as the central processing unit (CPU). <> An unauthorized piece of computer code attached to a computer program or portions of a computer system that secretly copies itself from one computer to another by shared discs and over telephone and cable lines. This software or hardware is developed for general use in a variety of information management applications. MHz: Speed in Megahertz. Computer hardware is the collection of physical parts of a computer system. Random Access Memory (RAM) Short term memory of the computer. The peripherals are any devices attached to the computer for purposes of input, output, and storage of data (such as a keyboard, monitor display, or external hard disk). Malware consists of viruses, worms, Trojans, spyware, adware, backdoors, rootkits, and bots. This can be best illustrated by an example. The following terms and definitions were collected from the web sites. Icon A small picture or image representing a command (such as print), a file, or a program. The internet is a vast interconnection of computer networks that comprises millions of computing devices. Computer Hardware Basic Terms study guide by supongw includes 30 questions covering vocabulary, terms and more. Before we begin discussing networking with any depth, we must define some common terms that you will see throughout this guide, and in other guides and documentation regarding networking. • Hardware is the physical components of a computer system e.g., a monitor, keyboard, mouse and the computer itself. In hardware virtualization, the term host machine refers to the actual machine on which the virtualization takes place; the term guest machine, however, refers to the virtual machine. Applications, apps or programs can be thought of as electronic ‘tools’ for doing electronic jobs. All Categories. 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Keyboard The keys that operate the computer, very much like a typewriter, with extra keys for special functions. The execution of the instructions within the computer system is very fast. Sometimes referred to as "CAI" (Computer-Assisted Instruction) or "CBI" (Computer-Based Instruction), although these two terms may also be used to describe a computer program used to assist a teacher or trainer in classroom instruction. Display Unit, printer etc. Central processing unit; the brain of the computer; controls the other elements of the computer . Millisecond 1/1,000th of a second. Computer hardware includes Computer hardware includes 3 System Unit 3 Peripheral devices 3 Input devices i.e. Computer terms, dictionary, and glossary. The ball slides within a bored cylinder, against the pressure of a spring, which pushes the ball against the detent, a hole of smaller diameter than the ball. A computer system consists of both hardware and software. Part I – Computer Terms 1. Computer terms from the hardware category. Computer hardware includes the physical parts of a computer, such as the case, central processing unit (CPU), monitor, mouse, keyboard, computer data storage, graphics card, sound card, speakers and motherboard. %PDF-1.5 Top terms include output device, input device, device driver, and thousands more. computer software: Detailed, preprogrammed instructions that control and coordinate the work of computer hardware components in an information system. A glossary of computer and Internet terms with definitions that are easy to understand. Monitor: The screen of your computer, which displays computer programs and the Internet. Spam. This includes the computer case, monitor, keyboard, and mouse. >> i��v�Ցar ���U�1�|A���~�5^O\� + �$6��ߊ�M�#'}�����፫��[�M� �^�nm�=�Kg�>�D�&��� a*�N~��Y��3Ȃ�� Klh�UG�k���꼵�zh�4�[�#�K;��FV�֙1� ���^����L�v��#�>#�a��Rv��O�Ǎl���pkҦ�cU?����. A computer system consists of two major elements: hardware and software. keyboard, mouse etc. These terms will be expanded upon in the appropriate sections that follow: Connection: In networking, a connection refers to pieces of related information that are … New definitions have been added in the fields of wireless technology, robotics, and artificial intelligence. all of which are physical objects that can be touched.3 1Vermaat, Misty E. Microsoft Office 2013 Introductory. All Categories. Computer hardware is the collection of all the parts you can physically touch. The Windows in the background are not active. Complex instruction set computer (CISC): Computer hardware designed to support complex instructions, as opposed to RISC (reduced instruction set computer) architecture. CPU means ‘Central Processing Unit’. Computer terms, dictionary, and glossary. 2. hardware, and/or documentation, shall be subject to license terms and license restrictions applicable to the programs. It is not developed or intended for use in any inherently dangerous • A computer is made up of hardware. x��]Y��F,�$�_�|�#_����&���[email protected] �K�}����A8���RlU��"{f{� �a�w�&�d��wm���u�Ƈ��lw���y����t�>���ח���S�i����˶�����\�Ov7�Sc���O���w���8�vڿv����z�w�F�i��8t�i���wWД�i�p�7z���Au��0�6_?X q������m�0�Q�_�� T�jm�`�z}�L�'���5Gә��_�-���&����ۇ�������jL7�ǮUL�w�:N����̘�yPr��e��[��7MA�mm7u��_3�����!A��;)��Y��dq���>/ do not fully turn off) irrespective of the output signal waveform. No other rights are granted to the U.S. Government. The other provides terms for the physical parts of a computer. /Filter /FlateDecode The brains of the Arduino, this is a small computer that you will program to listen for, process, and display information. Computing firewalls range from small anti-virus software packages to complex and expensive software and hardware solutions. Disk Drive . In some cases a narrow de nition is given for simplicity sake. << 3 Output devices i.e. The hardware is the physical equipment: the computer itself, and the peripherals connected to it. Heat Sink: A computer's CPU may perform millions of calculations every second. The desktop contains a number of icons, or images, that you can click on to start programs. Most activities can be described in terms of the Input-Process-Output (I-P-O) cycle. Hardware The physical components of the computer system, such as the hard drive, disc drives, and modem. It measures it in cycles of time and refers it to as megahertz. A hypervisor, also called virtual machine manager (VMM), is one of many hardware virtualization techniques that allow multiple operating systems, termed guests, to run concurrently on a host computer. Virus: A program intended to alter data on a computer in an invisible fashion, usually for mischievous or destructive purposes. Your computer hardware will consist of the devices within the case of the computer itself, and any peripheral devices that are connected to the computer (such as the mouse and keyboard). the full terms are stated as definitions. Common Mechanical Engineering Terms Ball and Detent (n) A simple mechanical arrangement used to hold a moving part in a temporarily fixed position relative to another part. Appendix A contains the standard symbols used in electrical and electronic diagrams. Common Mechanical Engineering Terms Ball and Detent (n) A simple mechanical arrangement used to hold a moving part in a temporarily fixed position relative to another part. The terms system, processor, and CPU were used interchangeably. stream 3. CPU: A powerful calculator - The brains of it all. There are many different kinds of hardware that can be installed inside, and connected to the outside, of a computer. Mathematics beyond the high- school level has not been used. Let us assume that, you are asked to add 1346 and 2936 3 You first hear the two numbers. However, these terms became confusing when systems became available with more than one processor. Hence, whenever someone buys a computer he/she becomes more conscious about the CPU and its capabilities. A computer program that lets the user enter numbers or text into a table with rows and columns. 3 Your brain adds the two … That’s why the ‘M… Glossary of Computer Related Terms. xڅXKs��ϯP�TՊ�����l֩l���=�29�$,��$T h��}�����W����������9;l�c�g�rs��ɪ*�N��>�E�o����������'3\z�y���噏v�LA;Yo���,�[o�W�e������j�e��p�Q�1K���������\�ݕ�!��>lw�1�. RAM (Random Access Memory) a working area where the operating system (e.g. Malware: Short for malicious software, malware is software code that is designed to damage files or entire computer systems, steal data, disrupt network, and do generally bad things to computers, networks, and people. n NTP A time syncronization protocol, based on a client-server architecture, available on Internet on UDP port 123. You do not need to understand the information below completely. Access: To obtain or retrieve information from a storage device. A Simpli ed Computer Science Glossary Dr. Robert B. Heckendorn Computer Science Department, University of Idaho September 9, 2019 Here is a very simple glossary of computer science terms. PC Personal Computer PCB Printed Circuit Board PCI Peripheral Component Interconnect PCI-X Peripheral Component Interconnect Extended PCMCIA Personal Computer Memory C ard International Association PDA Personal Digital Assistant PDF Portable Document Format PHP Hypertext Preprocessor PIM Personal Information Manager PMU Power Management Unit STUDY. 2. n. An indication that an item sent was received. Hardware : Links to topics on this page: The term hardware refers to the physical components of the computer system (as opposed to the software). Razer – Razer Inc. is a boutique gaming hardware company with headquarters in San Francisco and Singapore. This allows the implementation of the type to be changed without requiring any changes outside the module in which it is defined. Browse through our list of over 15,000 computer terms and definitions using the above search, browsing by letter, or by clicking one of the links below. Basic Computer Terms Hardware - The physical parts of a computer - CPU . Internet Terms Hardware Terms Software Terms Technical Terms File Formats Bits and Bytes Tech Acronyms Computer Terms Dictionary – Developed by the Tips4pc community. We also publish a companion volume (Vol.2) of Computer Acronyms and Abbreviations with an additional 4,500 terms. Computer hardware refers to the physical parts or components of a computer such as the monitor, mouse, keyboard, computer data storage, hard drive disk (HDD), system unit (graphic cards, sound cards, memory, motherboard and chips), etc. A computer system consists of both hardware and software. Basic Computer Terms Hardware - The physical parts of a computer - CPU . In computer security, the process of ensuring that the resources of a computer system can be accessed only by authorized users in authorized ways. As the processor continues to work at a rapid pace, it begins to generate heat. A firewall is a piece of computer software or hardware that restricts the data that is allowed to flow through. Credit belongs to the original authors, especially to Peter Day, from whose glossary most of the terms were collected. PLAY. Laptop: A small computer, consisting of a screen and a keyboard, which folds in half so that it can be easily carried. stream HANDOUT 1B: COMPUTER TERMS Part II – More Computer Terms 9. Networking Glossary. Hardware: Computer hardware is the collection of physical elements that constitutes a computer system. Desktop The information that appears on the computer soon after the computer is turned on. 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