Revised electric power data for 2017 will not be adjusted in the Natural Gas Monthly until the 2018 Natural Gas Annual is published. If you find this website valuable and appreciate it is open and free for everybody - please contribute by JavaScript seems to be disabled in your browser. Gas Unit Ratings are provided in BTU’s per Hour. With natural gas use on the increase we suspect that many applications for thermal energy using other fuels, steam or hot water might become candidates for conversion to natural gas. The detail of how the gas calculations need to be done are detailed in a piece of legislation called the The Gas (Calculation of Thermal Energy) Regulations 1996. If the price per unit of gas on your bill is already measured in BTUs, you can skip this step. This calculator will give you a solid estimate of what gas will cost you annually. b. Finding Fuel Consumption Know that the equation for fuel consumption is "Miles Driven divided by … If you are heating a quantity of water from an initial to final temperature of some time period you can arrive at an equivalent gallons per minute figure with just a bit of math. Here are the conversions for other units into BTUS: Let’s say you have a furnace with a BTU rating of 100,000 and your gas bill is measured in MCFs. Have a question about a plan or need help placing an order? Equations 2 and 3 show the calculation for ∆H° reax (i.e. Gas bill calculations. Step 1. Like all energy sources, natural gas fluctuates in price. Access these free and easy-to-use calculators below to convert one unit of measure to another, compare boiler fuel costs, calculate air emissions from natural gas combustion, analyze energy losses associated with boiler operations and more. If you encounter this situation this formula might be of help. Your gas bill might be so low every month that you don’t think twice about your energy use, but if you break down your bill by appliance, you could find opportunities to save even more. But that will vary a few percent with local gas supply. To size gas equipment you need flow rates in cubic feet per hour so we will focus on quick calculation formats so you can select gas line sizes, pressure regulators, control valves and related equipment. A quick estimating formula to calculate gas flows is as follows-, CFH =< (GPM WATER)  X  (°F OUT - °F IN)  X  1.1 > ÷ 2, Heat 10 GPM (gallons per minute) of water from 60° F to 180° F. Heating calculations are based on the rate of temperature rise. Hours: 7:00am-7:00pm CT Monday-Friday, 7:00am-4:00pm Saturday. 14,000÷23700 = 0.59 litres per hour. CFH =< (CFM AIR) X (°F OUT - °F IN) > ÷ 800, Heat 1600 CFM (cubic per minute) of air from 50 F to 150 F. If you are doing a retrofit to an old system finding data on air flows can become a real challenge. But first, you’ll need to convert your gas company’s billing unit into BTUs. Divide the price per MCF by 1,028,000 to get the price per BTU: $0.00000875486. If you do not, you will have to use an approximation. With emphasis on green and efficient processes to opportunities to replace other fossil fuels many heating applications might be better serviced by looking at natural gas as a replacement energy source. For other air heating applications you might check the web for sites which offer engineering information such as, www.engineeringtoolbox.com/air-heating-systems-d_1136.html, As with heating air with other sources natural gas can be a good choice to heating water and gaining the benefits offered by natural gas. For process air applications the range can be from 500 to as much as 1200 feet per minute so measuring air velocities would be a wise choice. CCFs: (one hundred cubic feet) is equal to 102,800 BTUs. If your generator burns a gallon of fuel in the hour, your fuel consumption is one gallon per hour, or you may add a fuel flow meter. Once you know the BTU ratings of your appliances, you can estimate how much it costs to run each appliance per hour. Not required if you are taking a reading from a gas bill. Please wait while we see what is available at your zip code. A great website for engineering information is www.engineeringtoolbox.com. This must be taken into account in the final fuel consumption calculation. Assume you wish to heat 100 gallons of water from 60° F to 180° F in 10 minutes. Take a meter reading. Virtually all electric companies bill their customers the same way: they measure electricity usage in kilowatt-hours (kWh), multiply that figure by the current kWh rate, add in service fees and charge customers for the total. For best accuracy, measure the velocity in the air duct with an air velocity meter. Upgrading insulation, installing multi-pane windows and sealing drafts are great ways to do this. $ per therm Gas calculator - equation. If the measured gas flowrate is not converted to standard conditions, then the density of every single component should be used on the pressure and temperature that … Note: The gas measurement is joules, so the above calculation automatically converts to kWh by dividing by 3.6. This chart approximates the fuel consumption* of a natural gas generator based on the size of the generator and the load at which the generator is operating at. We’ll go from easy to more complicated calculations. Natural and propane gas have specific levels of energy contained within them. no power, water leaks, roof leaks, no heat) call our Facilities Management Service Center at (805) 316 0651 Otherwise use this form for routine and non-emergency repair and custodial requests and we will get back to you within 24 hours. Other appliances that may run on gas include your water heater, oven, range, dryer, pool heater, outdoor lamps and fireplace equipment. One cubic-foot of natural gas contains 1075 BTUs of energy. The number you compute for BTU capacity for an appliance should approximately equal the appliance's nameplate "input" BTUH on the appliance. Click your state below to view offers in your area. Natural Gas Unit Conversion Calculator NATURAL GAS UNIT CONVERSION CALCULATOR . If you have the original documentation for a gas appliance, you’ll find the BTU rating in there. In “Default Cal.” Tab (blue), the user can modify the % increase for Annual Worst-Case Scenario. The fraction oxidized to CO 2 is 100 percent (IPCC 2006). The calculator provides indicative conversion of gas consumption in cubic metres to kilowatt hours and megawatt hours. The Multiplier factor converts imperial to metric. 1 cubic foot = 1,037 Btu (based on U.S. average for natural gas delivered to consumers in 2019, preliminary) You need to know the fuel flow the engine consumes to calculate the thermal efficiency. G = weight flowrate — which is the same for gas and liquid Q = measured flowrate – volume rho = mixture density. Many air heating applications use steam or hot water coils to heat the air. Your gas company likely uses one of the following: If you’re not sure which unit your gas company uses, just check your latest bill. Each one of these gas appliances has a BTU rating, which tells you the number of BTUs it consumes per hour. Amount To. Fuel consumption formula. How to Reduce Generator Fuel Consumption An example is the 8000-watt Generic XC8000E generator with an 8.5-gallon tank rated at 50% for 11 hours and burns a little over ¾ of a gallon per hour. A home can function just fine without a single gas appliance, and many do. Heating 100 gallons of water in 10 minutes is the same rate as 10 GPM (100 Gallons ÷10 minutes). Switch the formula around if the GPH is known to calculate the HP that could be made, HP = 87.8 (GPH) x 5.92 / 0.52 (BSFC) HP = 999.6, close enough. ∆H comb) of methane from these values. You must have JavaScript enabled in your browser to utilize the functionality of this website. Second, the fuel consumption calculation formula Fuel consumption = boiler output ÷ fuel calorific value ÷ boiler thermal efficiency. A typical range for natural gas is 38-39 MJ/m³, and 1 MMBTU = 1.055 GJ, so about 27.4 m³ = 1 MMBTU. Table 1 shows values of ∆H° formation of several natural gas reactants and products. The capacity of a 100 ft natural gas pipe with a nominal diameter 0.5 inches (actual ID 0.622 in) and 0.5 inches WC pressure drop can be calculated as k = [ ((0.622 in))5/ (1 + 3.6 / (0.622 in) + 0.03 (0.622 in))]1/2 = 0.117 q = 3550 0.117 ((0.5 in) / (100 ft) 0.60)1/2 The current charge for natural gas from Peoples Gas is $0.2691 per therm. If emission reporting is required, go to the “Natural Gas Consumption” Tab (green) and proceed with Option 1: Default Calculation Method or Option 2: Customized Calculation Method. Using our rounded safe number of 1000 BTU per cubic foot on natural gas the required flow rate for this new unit heater would be 1000 CFH (100,000 ÷ 1000). Jorc Pneumatically Operated Compressed Air Drain Traps, Valves Basic Information For Selecting and Ordering (RUN TIME 3:36), Pipe and Flange Dimensions (RUN TIME 3:35), Jorc Oil Water Condensate Separator (run time 3:22), Van-Packer Boiler Chimney and Stack Manufacturing. If you have an appliance with more than one burner, like a cooktop, just add the burner ratings together before dividing by the chart values. But because gas is such an efficient fuel for heat-producing appliances, the typical U.S. home has a gas furnace at minimum. If that is not possible air velocity in most HVAC heating applications is typically 500 to 700 feet per minute. CFM is the cubic feet per minute of air to be heated, Where Face area is the length times the width of the air duct. Already a customer? Gas fireplace – direct vent 40,000 36 Gas log unit 80,000 73 Barbecue 40,000 36 Gas Refrigerator 3,000 2 For SI units: 1 Btu per hour = .0293 W *Maximum gas demand of outlet A = 31 CFH (35,000 btu/hr divided by 1100 btu per cubic foot. Cost to operate = usage (hours or load) x (BTUs/100,000) x price per therm OR MCFs: One cubic foot of natural gas is equal to 1,028 BTUs. Gas Consumption. However, gas burners are not 100-percent efficient. * Enter the price of natural gas as the price per therm. 24/7 Customer Service:1-800-752-0556Int'l:+1-770-532-7736Text Us: [email protected], HOW TO CALCULATE NATURAL GAS CONSUMPTION FLOWS. This is also a good opportunity to check the price per unit and compare it to your last several bills to get an idea of how the price fluctuates, and by how much. Keep an eye on your inbox for more information. Therefore, an MCF (one thousand cubic feet) is equal to 1,028,000 BTUs. As an example, let’s assume you are planning to replace a steam unit heater with a new gas fired unit rated at 100,000 BTU/HR. With natural gas use on the increase we suspect that many applications for thermal energy using … When that time comes, shop around for gas-efficient replacements, and don’t forget to check the BTU ratings. Making sure than only a single gas appliance is running, watch the gas meter and measure the time required to use one cubic foot of gas. It’s important to get this information from your specific utility because of the way gas companies vary in their use of terms. The ∆H comb of one mole of methane (CH 4) at 298.15 K is the heat of reaction between CH 4 and O 2 to form CO 2 (g) and H 2 O(g), according to Equation 1. If you really want to, you can read it here. All of the examples here use plug numbers. LP gas and natural gas contain different amounts of energy, so the conversion factor is different. They will not reflect revisions made in the 2017 Electric Power Annual, which was published after the 2017 Natural Gas Annual was released. Aggregate natural gas demand (consumption + exports) in contiguous United States decreased by 1.64% y-o-y from 2,606 bcf (or 86.86 bcf/d) in September 2019 to … This section has some quick estimating formulas to calculate gas flows. Simply find your car’s make and model from one of the two pull-down menus, and then enter the pertinent information regarding your car’s MPG rating, the approximate number of miles you plan to drive for the year, and the price per gallon of gas. Gas meters generally record the volume of gas consumed in cubic feet (ft³) or cubic metres (m³) although consumers are billed in kilowatt hours (kWh).The calculations … Disclaimer: The MOE Conversion tool should be used as a guide only as it has been configured to provide approximate conversions. If you are considering a change to natural gas here is a quick estimating formula to calculate the gas flow rate. If you know the burner efficiency, you can calculate the exact fuel consumption per the output of the burner. With the current spread in prices between natural gas and propane, I suspect that propane will be primarily a backup fuel for possible gas curtailments. The obvious strategy is to simply use less gas: set the thermostat a little lower in the winter, take shorter showers and use the microwave a little more often. If the price for natural gas is based on $ per 1,000 cubic feet, divide that number by 10 to enter above. Calculating the fuel consumption of different types of natural gas engines compared with gas­ and diesel­fuelled engines. You may need to discuss with your gas supplier what "CM" units on your meter mean and how they calculate billed MMBTU from those units. ft. if 3825.2 cu. For example, if the cost for natural gas is $17.50 per 1,000 cubic feet, then divide by 10 and enter 1.75 as the price per … Most gas companies offer a glossary of terms or a guide to understanding your bill. Calculations Explained Below is an explanation of the terms used in the calculator. On appliances that are easy to examine, like your water heater, you may also find the rating printed on a label. The calculation of the share of energy from renewable sources using data on the supply level (with each of the above indicators) is … ft. of natural gas is burned per hour and each contains 1100 Btu, what is the rate of combustion? Multiply that by 100,000 to get the price per hour you’ll pay to run the furnace: about 87 cents. The average carbon dioxide coefficient of distillate fuel oil is 429.61 kg CO 2 per 42-gallon barrel (EPA 2018). Union Gas offers a variety of energy calculators to help you compare energy costs and make informed energy decisions for your business. The fraction oxidized to CO 2 … Here are some of the variables that can affect the accuracy of your back-of-the-envelope calculations: If analyzing your bill inspires you to control your costs, there are a few things you can do. natural gas for chemical reactions or bitumen for road surface). 14,000÷46,452 = 0.3kg per hour. The formula: (3600 x 1000)/seconds = BTUH. Let’s say you have a furnace with a BTU rating of 100,000 and your gas bill … Appliances and approximately natural gas consumption: 1 kW = 3412 Btu/h Sorry to see that you are blocking ads on The Engineering ToolBox! Log in to renew or transfer your service, Supply Chain Responsibilities & Disclosure. With this number you can calculate the engines TE with the given HP. RC = H / (Vf * t) RC From . Gas meter reading: January 2017: 27 000 m³ January 2018: 29 100 m³ Annual consumption: 29 100 m³ - 27 032 m³ = 2100 m³ Equivalent in kWh: 2100 m³ x 9.9 kWh/m³ = 20 790 kWh. For Urgent Service Requests (e.g. The result depends on the metrics used as input: miles per gallon if the input was in miles and gallons, and km per liter if the input was in kilometers and liters. Space heating accounts for a large share of the typical gas bill, so anything you can do to help your home retain heat will help lower costs. 14,000÷21,594 = 0.648 pounds per hour. But as you take a closer look at your bill, you may find that things start to get tricky. The formula for calculating fuel consumption used in this online fuel consumption calculator is: Fuel consumption = Fuel used / Distance travelled. But advances in the methods used to extract natural gas have significantly boosted the supply, resulting in what energy experts predict to be a long-lasting trend of low gas prices. The average carbon dioxide coefficient of natural gas is 0.0549 kg CO 2 per cubic foot (EIA 2019c). If one MCF costs $9.00: Using this method, figuring out the cost per hour of using your gas appliances is fairly simple. Calculating the LHV of Methane. To Convert. Instead of a universal unit like kWh, different gas utilities use different units to measure gas use. A scotch marine boiler has a furnace volume of 45.5 cu. Gas burners consume fuel based on their BTU output. Sample gas consumption calculation. The boiler gas consumption calculation need the following parameters: such as natural gas calorific value 8500kcal/m3, pressure 8-10Kpa, and theoretically, the gas consumption of boiler heat = boiler calorific value÷(Calorific value of natural gas x Boiler thermal efficiency )= 2400 000 Kcal / (8500Kcal * 0.94) =297m3/h, here we take 4 tons of natural gas boilers for example, then the boiler gas … Natural gas companies are more varied in their approach. 2 Many applications for natural gas involve the heating of air or water. 2.83 feet equals one metre. It’s also important to keep your gas appliances well-maintained and to replace them when they’re nearing the end of their useful lives. 14,000÷91,502 = 0.153 gallons per hour. Your supplier multiplies this figure by your contract rate (about €0.06/kWh): 20,790 kWh x … New equipment for natural gas will have a BTU per hour rating. 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